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Why Should I Use a VPN Service

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Why Should I Use a VPN

A VPN brings anonymity and security. But there are many certain reasons why should I use a VPN service. We’ll show you nine of them.

  • Security and anonymity are just a few of the many benefits of a Virtual Private network
  • With VPN activated you save money when shopping online.
  • VPN programs also open up many new streaming options for you.
  • You can upgrade your (TV) hardware with VPNs.

VPN services are indispensable if you want to be safe on the Internet. However, they offer far more advantages beyond just security. We’ll show you 9 reasons why should you use a VPN service permanently. Because with a virtual private network you not only open up completely new streaming options, you can also save a lot of money.

Why Should I Use a VPN Service: 9 Compelling Reasons

1. VPNs protect on public networks

Would you like to connect to the free hotel WiFi or use the hotspot at the train station? It’s amazing how many people are on public networks unprotected every day. With a VPN you can protect your device from prying eyes.

2. Access to free live TV

Live TV streaming services are subject to the same restrictions as video streaming services – geo-blocking. However, since the offers differ in each country, VPNs promise access to more content. You can get more than 200 channels for free at Zattoo in Switzerland. 

3. Stream what you want, whenever you want with a VPN

In addition to the security aspect, bypassing country restrictions is probably the best-known function of VPN services. Whether Netflix, Disney+ or Amazon Prime Video: Nobody likes waiting for their favorite series to start. With a VPN service, you decide for yourself what you want to stream. Even services that haven’t even launched in certain countries like HBO Max.

4. Retrieve censored content

A less common use for VPNs in this country is to circumvent censorship. In countries like China and Russia, large parts of the Internet are blocked from all domestic users. Since you can change your virtual location with a VPN, you can easily avoid such censorship. But be careful: In some countries this procedure is undesirable, which is why websites of certain VPN providers are not even accessible there.

5. Download protection

If you occasionally download data from the Internet in the form of torrents, this process poses some risks. Even if you don’t make any illegal downloads, it might look like this to outsiders. The anonymity that the VPN service offers you is a clear advantage here.

6. A Virtual Private Network makes online shopping cheaper

There are websites that determine prices based on origin, operating system or other factors. In tests, flights were offered much cheaper if you booked them from a neighboring country. Overall, this type of price control appears to be particularly widespread in the travel industry. Thanks to the VPN service, we were able to book a flight for almost $500 cheaper and a rental car for even $600 cheaper in our own tests.

7. VPNs also work on Fire TV Sticks and televisions

You probably already know that you can seamlessly integrate a VPN on your computer and mobile devices. This service can also be installed on Amazon’s Fire TV sticks. This allows you to watch content on television that may not yet be available in some countries. It is even more convenient to use a router on which you can install a VPN directly.

8. VPN services prevent snooping by websites and authorities

Websites are curious. That’s understandable, after all they want to get better and ideally only write articles that you enjoy reading. But there are also black sheep among website operators who resell such information. Search engines may store search queries, the websites visited or the location where you are. And authorities also have an interest in reading your data. With a Virtual Private network you prevent excessive spying.

9. Secure your VoIP calls with a VPN

Making calls via VoIP is convenient and inexpensive. Even though it may cost a little speed, we recommend a VPN service for this too so that your phone calls are protected.

Conclusion: More than enough reasons for a VPN service

No matter which of the above reasons you choose a Virtual Private network provider for, each one is reason enough to spend around 3 euros a month. We advise against using a free VPN offer. Instead, you should look for cheap VPNs or current offers from this services and invest around 2-3 euros per month.

FAQs

Should I use a VPN while live streaming?

Using a Virtual Private network for streaming is helpful because it prevents your internet provider from tracking your online activities, which can lead to slower speeds if they see you downloading or streaming a lot.

Is streaming faster with VPN?

VPNs may be able to boost Internet speeds in certain situations. Some ISPs purposely slow down certain types of traffic, such as streaming services like Netflix.

Do streaming services detect VPN?

Virtual Private network connections that frequently change IP addresses or have IP addresses that don’t match typical residential IP ranges in a region can be detected by streaming services and flagged as potential VPN use.

Read Also:
What is Adversary Simulation with Caldera?

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The Rare Phenomenon of Leap Day Birthdays

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leap day birthdays

It’s a rare occurrence to be born on February 29th, a day that only graces the calendar once every four years. Those born on this unique date often carry with them a sense of distinction, a special connection to a day that holds both scarcity and significance. Today, we find ourselves in the company of two remarkable boys from Oakland, whose births on Leap Day infuse their lives with an extraordinary tale of resilience, celebration, and gratitude.

Celebrating Leap Day Birthdays: The Erickson Family’s Tale

The Erickson household in Oakland eagerly anticipates the arrival of February 29th every quadrennial, finding solace and appreciation in its significance within their familial narrative. Their pair of twin sons entered the world with an interval of merely 11 minutes, one ushered into existence within the waning moments of February 28th, 2016, while the other graced the realm in the inaugural minutes of Leap Day.

Morning Routines and Family Dynamics

Summer Erickson, the twins’ maternal figure, remarked on the occasion of the elder twin, Miles, “The mornings assume an aura of pandemonium, as one might envision, with three young boys.” It resembled any typical day in their abode. “The daily regimen entails persuading them to partake in breakfast before heading off to school, guiding them through their oral hygiene routines, and assisting with their attire, a process repeated approximately 10 to 12 times.”

The Joy of Play: Basketball and Trampolining

Amidst the morning hustle, the twins and their older sibling, Bruce, engage in a spirited bout of basketball within the confines of their kitchen, while the parental figures endeavor to maintain order. Endowed with an abundance of vigor, it is not uncommon for the twins to adjourn to the backyard, reveling in the joy of bouncing upon the trampoline for extended durations.

New Additions and Furry Companions

“We commence with our attire, engage in recreational pursuits, frolic with our canine companion, and partake of our morning repast,” articulated Miles, who came into the world at the stroke of 11:58 p.m. on February 28th.

Their household welcomed a new addition in the form of a puppy named Bagel, who graced their presence merely a week prior. Walter, the slightly junior twin, had expressed a fervent desire for a four-legged companion to join their familial ensemble. Approaching his eighth year of existence, he harbored the sentiment of youthfulness. “In jest, he declared, “Since my birthday coincides with a leap year, I maintain that I am merely two years old Walter made his entrance into the world at 12:09 a.m. on February 29th. “Canines hold a special place in my heart, and the acquisition of a puppy was a fervent aspiration, given their endearing nature and the joy they bring through play.”

A Journey of Uncertainty and Gratitude

Despite the levity with which they now approach their birthdays, the initial moments following their births were fraught with anxiety and uncertainty for the Erickson family.

“It marked one of the most tumultuous periods of our lives, those initial weeks fraught with a barrage of examinations, scans, and uncertainties,” recollected Mrs. Erickson. While in the NICU, amidst formidable challenges and mysterious circumstances, we vowed to mark our gratitude every four years if we were fortunate enough to bring them home

Born prematurely at 26 weeks, the twins endured a 69-day sojourn within the confines of the NICU at Sutter Alta Bates Summit Medical Center in Berkeley.

NICU Sojourn and a Vow of Gratitude

“We envision a grand celebration, extending invitations to our NICU caregivers, medical practitioners, friends, and family—everyone who played a role in our journey,” articulated father Ryan Erickson.

This cherished tradition is poised to unfold once more this weekend, with a humble request for donations to the NICU in lieu of presents, in honor of the twins’ remarkable odyssey.

A Tradition of Celebration and Giving Back

In addition to the grand festivities, a delightful tradition unfolds when the twins’ birthdays fall on distinct dates, affording each the opportunity to select their preferred venue for dining and indulging in confectionery delights on the evening of their respective special days. Typically, when February 28th dawns outside the leap year cycle, a singular celebration is shared among the brothers.

Individuality Amidst Shared Celebrations

“While they exhibit commendable generosity in sharing the festivities, they certainly relish the chance to assert their individuality on leap years,” observed Summer Erickson.

Read Also:

Autobas: Nature’s Nutrient Recyclers

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The Pros and Cons of Hydropower

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pros and cons of hydropower

Hydroelectric energy, highlighted in the discussion on the pros and cons of hydropower, is widely utilized as a renewable energy source globally. A hydroelectric or hydroelectric generator, integral to this analysis, harnesses water flow to drive a turbine connected to a generator. The movement of the turbine rotates the generator, effectively producing electricity. Explore the benefits and drawbacks of this innovative energy solution to gain deeper insights into its role in sustainable power generation.

What is Hydroelectric Energy?

Hydroelectric energy is a renewable energy source like wind and solar energy. Among other renewable energy sources, the type of energy with the most well-established technology belongs to hydroelectricity. It is known that the power of water has been used since the early periods of civilization. People benefited from hydroelectric energy thanks to water mills and boats. Before the industrial revolution in the 19th century, water mills provided power for many production activities. However, due to technological inadequacies, the energy produced could not be stored and was insufficient for industrialization, which led people to turn to other fossil fuels, especially coal.

Hydraulic energy provides benefits in various fields such as modern agriculture, irrigation, tourism and sports activities. But the most important of all is the production of electricity. Today, thanks to water turbines, kinetic energy is obtained from the power of water. The first hydroelectric power plant was established in America in 1882. In 2016, the world’s largest hydroelectric power plant was established in China. It is known that this power plant has a production capacity of 22,400 MW.

How Does Hydroelectric Energy Work?

Water has high potential energy when stored behind the dam. When this water is released towards the turbines, this potential energy turns into kinetic energy. When water spins turbines, the turbines are connected to a generator and this rotational motion produces electrical energy.

How to Classify Hydroelectric Power Plants?

Hydroelectric power plants are classified according to 6 separate criteria. These criteria are as follows:

  • According to storage method
  • According to installed power
  • According to the typology of the dam body
  • According to the capacity to meet the needs of the national electricity system.
  • Depending on the location of the power plant building.

What are the Types of Hydroelectric Power Plants? 

Depending on the type of development, hydroelectric power plants can be divided into three types:

Water Retention Facilities: A large-scale water reservoir is obtained by establishing dams. The most common use of hydroelectric power plants is through dam installation. Electrical energy is produced by the water passing through the turbines in the dam.

Pumping Facilities: Pumping facilities are established as a second water reservoir at the bottom of the established dams. Pumping facilities are very similar to water retention facilities. Water stored for future use can be pumped to the upper reservoir when needed.

Stream Facilities: Electrical energy obtained from natural water flow. Part of the stream passes through turbines. Dam installation is not possible.

Part of a hydroelectric power plant

The hydroelectric power plant consists of the following parts:

Dams: These are responsible for intercepting rivers and maintaining water bodies (for example, reservoirs) before containment, creating a difference in the water used for energy production. Dams can be made of mud or concrete (most commonly used).

Spillway: They are responsible for releasing some of the water that stops passing through the engine room and can be used for irrigation needs. They are located on the main wall of the dam and can be bottom or surface. Huge amount of water is lost in the basin at the foot of the dam to avoid damage when the water falls.

Water intake : They are responsible for collecting the intercepted water and transporting it to the machine through forced channels or pipes. The water inlet has a gate to regulate the amount of water reaching the turbine and a filter to prevent the passage of foreign objects (logs, twigs, etc.).

Power plant : The machine (generator turbine, hydraulic turbine, shaft and generator) and control and regulation elements are located here. Has an inlet and outlet to leave the machine area without water during maintenance or disassembly.

Hydraulic turbines : They are responsible for using the energy of the water passing through them to produce rotational movement through their own axis. There are three main types: 

  • Pelton wheel, 
  • Francis turbine, and 
  • Kaplan turbine (or propeller).

Transformer – An electrical device is used to adjust the voltage in an alternating current circuit while keeping the power steady. This device can increase or decrease the voltage as needed.

Power transmission lines : cables that transmit the generated energy.

What are the Usage Areas of Hydroelectric Power Plants?

Electricity Production: Hydroelectric energy is mainly used to produce electrical energy. Hydroelectric power plants are favored due to their lower cost and less harmful impact on the environment compared to other energy sources. The installation of hydroelectric power plants is increasing because it does not pose serious threats to nature and human life, as in the installation of fossil fuels and nuclear power plants.

Agriculture: Thanks to hydroelectric energy, large agricultural areas can be irrigated. Flour can be produced by grinding grain with mills built with the power of water. The first civilization in history to establish hydroelectric power plants for the purpose of agricultural irrigation activities was the Egyptian civilization.

Industrial Use: It is known that bellows were driven by the establishment of hydroelectric facilities in the ancient civilization ages.

Use to Close the Energy Gap: As fossil fuels such as gasoline, coal and natural gas are becoming depleted, the trend towards other natural resources has increased to meet the energy needs. In addition to solar and wind energy, water power is also utilized in this context.

Pros of Hydroelectric Energy

There are a number of examples with the advantages of hydroelectric energy, also known as dams. Compared to fossil energies, this type of energy is a promising technology. Let’s see the advantages of this type of energy obtained from the movement of water.

It is a renewable and sustainable energy

The kinetic energy of flowing water is used to generate electricity from hydroelectric energy. Although it may cause some difficult and environmental climate problems, it is currently a strong and sustainable energy source.

It is an eco-friendly and clean energy source

The energy produced by hydroelectric power plants does not create toxic or greenhouse gasses that pollute the atmosphere. They release less greenhouse gasses than fossil-based power sources. This helps reduce climate change, acid rain and smog. It can also improve air quality because they do not emit air pollutants.

It is a useful system for sustainable development

Can develop in an economically viable, environmentally sound and socially responsible manner. Hydroelectric enterprises operated in this way represent the best concept of sustainable development. It attracts various industries and provides an overall boost to trade. 

It is the country’s domestic power source

Unlike fossil fuels, hydroelectric production does not require the system to be transported over long distances. There is no mining involved in the hydroelectric production in question. The power plant installed will convert water into energy.

Supports guaranteed energy and price stability

Despite expensive upfront building costs, hydroelectric power plants are a cost-competitive energy source. River water is a domestic resource that, unlike fuel oil or natural gas, is not subject to market fluctuations.

In addition, it is the single largest source of renewable electricity. The cost-benefit ratio, efficiency, flexibility, and reliability of thermal power plants contribute to optimizing their use.

Creates jobs and employment

Hydroelectric power plants are beneficial for regions with high unemployment rates. Building these plants provides job opportunities and enhances living standards for the local community. This leads to a rise in average income, boosting consumption and tax revenues.

Contributes to the development of remote communities

Hydroelectric power plants provide electricity to remote communities. It attracts the construction of highways, industry and commerce. All these activities are aimed at stimulating the economy of these remote areas and increasing access to education and healthcare. And it serves to improve the overall quality of life of residents.

Creates entertainment and tourism opportunities

The lake formed behind the dam can be used for activities such as fishing, boating and swimming. The water of the lake can also be used for irrigation purposes. Apart from this, large dams are becoming a hotspot for tourist attractions. It could provide an economic boost to nearby towns.

Cons of Hydroelectric Energy

Hydroelectric energy has advantages as well as disadvantages. The negative effects of these power plants are generally on the environment and local ecology. Here are some definite cons of hydroelectric power.

Environmental Impact

Disruption of natural water flow can have a huge impact on the environment and river ecosystem. Hydroelectric facilities may affect the lands in the dam area, forests, swamps and grasslands in the valley. Reservoirs can include people’s homes, natural areas, and farmland.

Areas that were previously covered with water may dry out, and dry ones may become covered with water. In turn, many animal and plant species may be mixed due to these changes in natural habitats. This may cause species to decline. It can also lead to imbalance in local ecosystems.

High construction costs

Constructing these plants and dams can be incredibly expensive. Additionally, projects take a long time to complete. It will need to be operated for a long time to earn back the money spent on construction.

Limited reservoirs

Although water is an unlimited resource, the conditions required to build a dam are limited. For the efficient production of hydroelectricity, large rivers or streams that will provide sufficient water are needed. It is difficult to find a suitable location that has a large water supply throughout the year, the right amount of water, and is close enough to existing power lines.

Drought potential is high

If hydroelectric energy is to be established, water abundance and drought cycles should be taken into consideration. This usually occurs in areas with local drought.

Border conflicts may occur

Rivers often represent the border between two countries. Decisions regarding the construction of hydroelectric power plants are in question. Both countries need to agree that this construction meets the goals of both countries.

If one country wants to build a hydroelectric power plant and the other country does not, this could even lead to wars between countries in the worst case.

May cause relocation due to flood risk

The local population living in the area may become vulnerable to floods due to possible water flows from dams. As a result, people are forced to relocate to facilitate the construction of the dam needed to generate hydropower. According to the report published in 2000, the World Commission on Dams   estimated that dams physically displaced 40-80 million people worldwide.

Causes deterioration of water quality

When dams are created, they limit water flow, which affects oxygen levels in the water. Lower oxygen levels behind the dam can also result in lower oxygen levels downstream. When there isn’t as much oxygen in the water, it’s harder for some fish species to survive, affecting river habitats.

Conclusion:

Do you think hydroelectric power plants should or should not be built according to their advantages and disadvantages? You can express your thoughts about the Advantages of Hydroelectric Energy in the comments. In this way, it can be determined whether the advantages or disadvantages of Hydroelectric Energy are dominant.

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Why Should I Use a VPN Service

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Why Should I Use a VPN

A VPN brings anonymity and security. But there are many certain reasons why should I use a VPN service. We’ll show you nine of them.

  • Security and anonymity are just a few of the many benefits of a Virtual Private network
  • With VPN activated you save money when shopping online.
  • VPN programs also open up many new streaming options for you.
  • You can upgrade your (TV) hardware with VPNs.

VPN services are indispensable if you want to be safe on the Internet. However, they offer far more advantages beyond just security. We’ll show you 9 reasons why should you use a VPN service permanently. Because with a virtual private network you not only open up completely new streaming options, you can also save a lot of money.

Why Should I Use a VPN Service: 9 Compelling Reasons

1. VPNs protect on public networks

Would you like to connect to the free hotel WiFi or use the hotspot at the train station? It’s amazing how many people are on public networks unprotected every day. With a VPN you can protect your device from prying eyes.

2. Access to free live TV

Live TV streaming services are subject to the same restrictions as video streaming services – geo-blocking. However, since the offers differ in each country, VPNs promise access to more content. You can get more than 200 channels for free at Zattoo in Switzerland. 

3. Stream what you want, whenever you want with a VPN

In addition to the security aspect, bypassing country restrictions is probably the best-known function of VPN services. Whether Netflix, Disney+ or Amazon Prime Video: Nobody likes waiting for their favorite series to start. With a VPN service, you decide for yourself what you want to stream. Even services that haven’t even launched in certain countries like HBO Max.

4. Retrieve censored content

A less common use for VPNs in this country is to circumvent censorship. In countries like China and Russia, large parts of the Internet are blocked from all domestic users. Since you can change your virtual location with a VPN, you can easily avoid such censorship. But be careful: In some countries this procedure is undesirable, which is why websites of certain VPN providers are not even accessible there.

5. Download protection

If you occasionally download data from the Internet in the form of torrents, this process poses some risks. Even if you don’t make any illegal downloads, it might look like this to outsiders. The anonymity that the VPN service offers you is a clear advantage here.

6. A Virtual Private Network makes online shopping cheaper

There are websites that determine prices based on origin, operating system or other factors. In tests, flights were offered much cheaper if you booked them from a neighboring country. Overall, this type of price control appears to be particularly widespread in the travel industry. Thanks to the VPN service, we were able to book a flight for almost $500 cheaper and a rental car for even $600 cheaper in our own tests.

7. VPNs also work on Fire TV Sticks and televisions

You probably already know that you can seamlessly integrate a VPN on your computer and mobile devices. This service can also be installed on Amazon’s Fire TV sticks. This allows you to watch content on television that may not yet be available in some countries. It is even more convenient to use a router on which you can install a VPN directly.

8. VPN services prevent snooping by websites and authorities

Websites are curious. That’s understandable, after all they want to get better and ideally only write articles that you enjoy reading. But there are also black sheep among website operators who resell such information. Search engines may store search queries, the websites visited or the location where you are. And authorities also have an interest in reading your data. With a Virtual Private network you prevent excessive spying.

9. Secure your VoIP calls with a VPN

Making calls via VoIP is convenient and inexpensive. Even though it may cost a little speed, we recommend a VPN service for this too so that your phone calls are protected.

Conclusion: More than enough reasons for a VPN service

No matter which of the above reasons you choose a Virtual Private network provider for, each one is reason enough to spend around 3 euros a month. We advise against using a free VPN offer. Instead, you should look for cheap VPNs or current offers from this services and invest around 2-3 euros per month.

FAQs

Should I use a VPN while live streaming?

Using a Virtual Private network for streaming is helpful because it prevents your internet provider from tracking your online activities, which can lead to slower speeds if they see you downloading or streaming a lot.

Is streaming faster with VPN?

VPNs may be able to boost Internet speeds in certain situations. Some ISPs purposely slow down certain types of traffic, such as streaming services like Netflix.

Do streaming services detect VPN?

Virtual Private network connections that frequently change IP addresses or have IP addresses that don’t match typical residential IP ranges in a region can be detected by streaming services and flagged as potential VPN use.

Read Also:
What is Adversary Simulation with Caldera?

Continue Reading

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The Rare Phenomenon of Leap Day Birthdays

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leap day birthdays

It’s a rare occurrence to be born on February 29th, a day that only graces the calendar once every four years. Those born on this unique date often carry with them a sense of distinction, a special connection to a day that holds both scarcity and significance. Today, we find ourselves in the company of two remarkable boys from Oakland, whose births on Leap Day infuse their lives with an extraordinary tale of resilience, celebration, and gratitude.

Celebrating Leap Day Birthdays: The Erickson Family’s Tale

The Erickson household in Oakland eagerly anticipates the arrival of February 29th every quadrennial, finding solace and appreciation in its significance within their familial narrative. Their pair of twin sons entered the world with an interval of merely 11 minutes, one ushered into existence within the waning moments of February 28th, 2016, while the other graced the realm in the inaugural minutes of Leap Day.

Morning Routines and Family Dynamics

Summer Erickson, the twins’ maternal figure, remarked on the occasion of the elder twin, Miles, “The mornings assume an aura of pandemonium, as one might envision, with three young boys.” It resembled any typical day in their abode. “The daily regimen entails persuading them to partake in breakfast before heading off to school, guiding them through their oral hygiene routines, and assisting with their attire, a process repeated approximately 10 to 12 times.”

The Joy of Play: Basketball and Trampolining

Amidst the morning hustle, the twins and their older sibling, Bruce, engage in a spirited bout of basketball within the confines of their kitchen, while the parental figures endeavor to maintain order. Endowed with an abundance of vigor, it is not uncommon for the twins to adjourn to the backyard, reveling in the joy of bouncing upon the trampoline for extended durations.

New Additions and Furry Companions

“We commence with our attire, engage in recreational pursuits, frolic with our canine companion, and partake of our morning repast,” articulated Miles, who came into the world at the stroke of 11:58 p.m. on February 28th.

Their household welcomed a new addition in the form of a puppy named Bagel, who graced their presence merely a week prior. Walter, the slightly junior twin, had expressed a fervent desire for a four-legged companion to join their familial ensemble. Approaching his eighth year of existence, he harbored the sentiment of youthfulness. “In jest, he declared, “Since my birthday coincides with a leap year, I maintain that I am merely two years old Walter made his entrance into the world at 12:09 a.m. on February 29th. “Canines hold a special place in my heart, and the acquisition of a puppy was a fervent aspiration, given their endearing nature and the joy they bring through play.”

A Journey of Uncertainty and Gratitude

Despite the levity with which they now approach their birthdays, the initial moments following their births were fraught with anxiety and uncertainty for the Erickson family.

“It marked one of the most tumultuous periods of our lives, those initial weeks fraught with a barrage of examinations, scans, and uncertainties,” recollected Mrs. Erickson. While in the NICU, amidst formidable challenges and mysterious circumstances, we vowed to mark our gratitude every four years if we were fortunate enough to bring them home

Born prematurely at 26 weeks, the twins endured a 69-day sojourn within the confines of the NICU at Sutter Alta Bates Summit Medical Center in Berkeley.

NICU Sojourn and a Vow of Gratitude

“We envision a grand celebration, extending invitations to our NICU caregivers, medical practitioners, friends, and family—everyone who played a role in our journey,” articulated father Ryan Erickson.

This cherished tradition is poised to unfold once more this weekend, with a humble request for donations to the NICU in lieu of presents, in honor of the twins’ remarkable odyssey.

A Tradition of Celebration and Giving Back

In addition to the grand festivities, a delightful tradition unfolds when the twins’ birthdays fall on distinct dates, affording each the opportunity to select their preferred venue for dining and indulging in confectionery delights on the evening of their respective special days. Typically, when February 28th dawns outside the leap year cycle, a singular celebration is shared among the brothers.

Individuality Amidst Shared Celebrations

“While they exhibit commendable generosity in sharing the festivities, they certainly relish the chance to assert their individuality on leap years,” observed Summer Erickson.

Read Also:

Autobas: Nature’s Nutrient Recyclers

Continue Reading

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The Pros and Cons of Hydropower

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pros and cons of hydropower

Hydroelectric energy, highlighted in the discussion on the pros and cons of hydropower, is widely utilized as a renewable energy source globally. A hydroelectric or hydroelectric generator, integral to this analysis, harnesses water flow to drive a turbine connected to a generator. The movement of the turbine rotates the generator, effectively producing electricity. Explore the benefits and drawbacks of this innovative energy solution to gain deeper insights into its role in sustainable power generation.

What is Hydroelectric Energy?

Hydroelectric energy is a renewable energy source like wind and solar energy. Among other renewable energy sources, the type of energy with the most well-established technology belongs to hydroelectricity. It is known that the power of water has been used since the early periods of civilization. People benefited from hydroelectric energy thanks to water mills and boats. Before the industrial revolution in the 19th century, water mills provided power for many production activities. However, due to technological inadequacies, the energy produced could not be stored and was insufficient for industrialization, which led people to turn to other fossil fuels, especially coal.

Hydraulic energy provides benefits in various fields such as modern agriculture, irrigation, tourism and sports activities. But the most important of all is the production of electricity. Today, thanks to water turbines, kinetic energy is obtained from the power of water. The first hydroelectric power plant was established in America in 1882. In 2016, the world’s largest hydroelectric power plant was established in China. It is known that this power plant has a production capacity of 22,400 MW.

How Does Hydroelectric Energy Work?

Water has high potential energy when stored behind the dam. When this water is released towards the turbines, this potential energy turns into kinetic energy. When water spins turbines, the turbines are connected to a generator and this rotational motion produces electrical energy.

How to Classify Hydroelectric Power Plants?

Hydroelectric power plants are classified according to 6 separate criteria. These criteria are as follows:

  • According to storage method
  • According to installed power
  • According to the typology of the dam body
  • According to the capacity to meet the needs of the national electricity system.
  • Depending on the location of the power plant building.

What are the Types of Hydroelectric Power Plants? 

Depending on the type of development, hydroelectric power plants can be divided into three types:

Water Retention Facilities: A large-scale water reservoir is obtained by establishing dams. The most common use of hydroelectric power plants is through dam installation. Electrical energy is produced by the water passing through the turbines in the dam.

Pumping Facilities: Pumping facilities are established as a second water reservoir at the bottom of the established dams. Pumping facilities are very similar to water retention facilities. Water stored for future use can be pumped to the upper reservoir when needed.

Stream Facilities: Electrical energy obtained from natural water flow. Part of the stream passes through turbines. Dam installation is not possible.

Part of a hydroelectric power plant

The hydroelectric power plant consists of the following parts:

Dams: These are responsible for intercepting rivers and maintaining water bodies (for example, reservoirs) before containment, creating a difference in the water used for energy production. Dams can be made of mud or concrete (most commonly used).

Spillway: They are responsible for releasing some of the water that stops passing through the engine room and can be used for irrigation needs. They are located on the main wall of the dam and can be bottom or surface. Huge amount of water is lost in the basin at the foot of the dam to avoid damage when the water falls.

Water intake : They are responsible for collecting the intercepted water and transporting it to the machine through forced channels or pipes. The water inlet has a gate to regulate the amount of water reaching the turbine and a filter to prevent the passage of foreign objects (logs, twigs, etc.).

Power plant : The machine (generator turbine, hydraulic turbine, shaft and generator) and control and regulation elements are located here. Has an inlet and outlet to leave the machine area without water during maintenance or disassembly.

Hydraulic turbines : They are responsible for using the energy of the water passing through them to produce rotational movement through their own axis. There are three main types: 

  • Pelton wheel, 
  • Francis turbine, and 
  • Kaplan turbine (or propeller).

Transformer – An electrical device is used to adjust the voltage in an alternating current circuit while keeping the power steady. This device can increase or decrease the voltage as needed.

Power transmission lines : cables that transmit the generated energy.

What are the Usage Areas of Hydroelectric Power Plants?

Electricity Production: Hydroelectric energy is mainly used to produce electrical energy. Hydroelectric power plants are favored due to their lower cost and less harmful impact on the environment compared to other energy sources. The installation of hydroelectric power plants is increasing because it does not pose serious threats to nature and human life, as in the installation of fossil fuels and nuclear power plants.

Agriculture: Thanks to hydroelectric energy, large agricultural areas can be irrigated. Flour can be produced by grinding grain with mills built with the power of water. The first civilization in history to establish hydroelectric power plants for the purpose of agricultural irrigation activities was the Egyptian civilization.

Industrial Use: It is known that bellows were driven by the establishment of hydroelectric facilities in the ancient civilization ages.

Use to Close the Energy Gap: As fossil fuels such as gasoline, coal and natural gas are becoming depleted, the trend towards other natural resources has increased to meet the energy needs. In addition to solar and wind energy, water power is also utilized in this context.

Pros of Hydroelectric Energy

There are a number of examples with the advantages of hydroelectric energy, also known as dams. Compared to fossil energies, this type of energy is a promising technology. Let’s see the advantages of this type of energy obtained from the movement of water.

It is a renewable and sustainable energy

The kinetic energy of flowing water is used to generate electricity from hydroelectric energy. Although it may cause some difficult and environmental climate problems, it is currently a strong and sustainable energy source.

It is an eco-friendly and clean energy source

The energy produced by hydroelectric power plants does not create toxic or greenhouse gasses that pollute the atmosphere. They release less greenhouse gasses than fossil-based power sources. This helps reduce climate change, acid rain and smog. It can also improve air quality because they do not emit air pollutants.

It is a useful system for sustainable development

Can develop in an economically viable, environmentally sound and socially responsible manner. Hydroelectric enterprises operated in this way represent the best concept of sustainable development. It attracts various industries and provides an overall boost to trade. 

It is the country’s domestic power source

Unlike fossil fuels, hydroelectric production does not require the system to be transported over long distances. There is no mining involved in the hydroelectric production in question. The power plant installed will convert water into energy.

Supports guaranteed energy and price stability

Despite expensive upfront building costs, hydroelectric power plants are a cost-competitive energy source. River water is a domestic resource that, unlike fuel oil or natural gas, is not subject to market fluctuations.

In addition, it is the single largest source of renewable electricity. The cost-benefit ratio, efficiency, flexibility, and reliability of thermal power plants contribute to optimizing their use.

Creates jobs and employment

Hydroelectric power plants are beneficial for regions with high unemployment rates. Building these plants provides job opportunities and enhances living standards for the local community. This leads to a rise in average income, boosting consumption and tax revenues.

Contributes to the development of remote communities

Hydroelectric power plants provide electricity to remote communities. It attracts the construction of highways, industry and commerce. All these activities are aimed at stimulating the economy of these remote areas and increasing access to education and healthcare. And it serves to improve the overall quality of life of residents.

Creates entertainment and tourism opportunities

The lake formed behind the dam can be used for activities such as fishing, boating and swimming. The water of the lake can also be used for irrigation purposes. Apart from this, large dams are becoming a hotspot for tourist attractions. It could provide an economic boost to nearby towns.

Cons of Hydroelectric Energy

Hydroelectric energy has advantages as well as disadvantages. The negative effects of these power plants are generally on the environment and local ecology. Here are some definite cons of hydroelectric power.

Environmental Impact

Disruption of natural water flow can have a huge impact on the environment and river ecosystem. Hydroelectric facilities may affect the lands in the dam area, forests, swamps and grasslands in the valley. Reservoirs can include people’s homes, natural areas, and farmland.

Areas that were previously covered with water may dry out, and dry ones may become covered with water. In turn, many animal and plant species may be mixed due to these changes in natural habitats. This may cause species to decline. It can also lead to imbalance in local ecosystems.

High construction costs

Constructing these plants and dams can be incredibly expensive. Additionally, projects take a long time to complete. It will need to be operated for a long time to earn back the money spent on construction.

Limited reservoirs

Although water is an unlimited resource, the conditions required to build a dam are limited. For the efficient production of hydroelectricity, large rivers or streams that will provide sufficient water are needed. It is difficult to find a suitable location that has a large water supply throughout the year, the right amount of water, and is close enough to existing power lines.

Drought potential is high

If hydroelectric energy is to be established, water abundance and drought cycles should be taken into consideration. This usually occurs in areas with local drought.

Border conflicts may occur

Rivers often represent the border between two countries. Decisions regarding the construction of hydroelectric power plants are in question. Both countries need to agree that this construction meets the goals of both countries.

If one country wants to build a hydroelectric power plant and the other country does not, this could even lead to wars between countries in the worst case.

May cause relocation due to flood risk

The local population living in the area may become vulnerable to floods due to possible water flows from dams. As a result, people are forced to relocate to facilitate the construction of the dam needed to generate hydropower. According to the report published in 2000, the World Commission on Dams   estimated that dams physically displaced 40-80 million people worldwide.

Causes deterioration of water quality

When dams are created, they limit water flow, which affects oxygen levels in the water. Lower oxygen levels behind the dam can also result in lower oxygen levels downstream. When there isn’t as much oxygen in the water, it’s harder for some fish species to survive, affecting river habitats.

Conclusion:

Do you think hydroelectric power plants should or should not be built according to their advantages and disadvantages? You can express your thoughts about the Advantages of Hydroelectric Energy in the comments. In this way, it can be determined whether the advantages or disadvantages of Hydroelectric Energy are dominant.

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