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What is Macular Degeneration? Early Warning Signs

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Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, which impairs the central vision function of the eye, which is important for clear vision, causes problems in reading and writing, and affects the patient’s quality of life, occurs as age progresses. Among the early precautions that can be taken in this disease, which carries the risk of losing the eye, it is of great importance not to look directly at the sun. ‘Age-Related Macular Degeneration’, popularly known as macular degeneration, occurs with advancing age, as its name suggests. It is seen in two different types and the navigational situation varies depending on the type.

What is macular degeneration?

We have a general visual field. We can define this as a circular area on a plane. In addition, we also have a central visual field located in the center of this circle, which provides us with clear vision. The central field of vision is important for performing delicate and delicate work. In our circular visual field, visual sensitivity decreases as we move from the center to the periphery. But while peripheral vision is not important in providing clear vision, it is sensitive to motion. Therefore, peripheral vision is also an important function of the eye. For example; Peripheral vision is required when driving a car or checking to see if anything is passing us. But the main thing for our eyes is to see the center. The macula provides 90 percent of our central vision. When our macula begins to deteriorate due to age, our central vision deteriorates.

What symptoms does the disease appear with?

Put a black dot or something in the center, if there is a shift in the lines next to it when looking at this central dot, this is among the signs that the disease has begun. The patient’s complaints are usually as follows; “When I look at someone outside, I can see clearly, but it seems like there is a darkness or a cloud in my eyes” or “When I read a text, the edges of the text slide or when I solve a puzzle, it feels like the edges are not straight.” There are two types of this disease: dry type and wet type. Both have positive and negative aspects compared to each other. But both types, unfortunately, are diseases that should be taken seriously, as they significantly reduce visual sensitivity.

What are the differences between these two types?

The dry type progresses slowly and impairs our vision in the long term. The wet type is a type that we can intervene in, but it progresses very quickly. In the past, when we detected this disease, we would give the patient vitamins and send them away. However, recently drugs that we call anti-VEG agents have been found. For treatment purposes, we inject these drugs into the white part of the eye with a very thin needle.

Of course, this process scares people. Because saying ‘we will put a needle into your eye and give you medicine’ may seem frightening to the patient at first. However, after the first procedure is performed, patients understand that the event is not scary and their treatment continues. Generally, four injections a year, three months apart, are sufficient. However, depending on the condition of the disease, we may increase the number of cures to six or even ten. The process is completed in less than a minute. Despite this, we perform the procedure under operating room conditions to prevent the eye from getting infected.

What are the risk factors of the disease?

First of all, age is an important risk. The incidence of the disease increases over the age of 60. Apart from these, exposure to sunlight and looking at the sun with the naked eye are also important risk factors. For this reason, sailors, pilots and agricultural workers can be considered in the risky occupational group. In addition, high blood pressure also triggers the disease. It can be seen at a higher rate in people with light-coloured eyes, those with hyperopia and smokers.

So, what is the incidence of macular degeneration?

As human life increases, the incidence increases. It is seen in 25 percent of people over the age of 70. This means that it is seen in one in four people on average. Almost 100 percent of those over the age of 90. This is not a disorder unique to us, it can be seen in all societies. Unfortunately, there is a possibility of losing the eye.

What method do you use during the diagnosis phase?

During the examination, we check the patient’s vision, measure the eye pressure, perform the examination with a biomicroscope, and then dilate the pupil with the help of a drop. There is a device called OCT, a type of tomography. With this, we examine the structure of the eye. We also perform eye angiography to check whether there is a circulatory disorder in the eye vessels. In this way, we can determine whether there is a yellow spot in the eye and also distinguish its type (wet-dry).

So, isn’t it possible to cure the disease completely?

Unfortunately, this is not possible with today’s medical facilities. But genetics is one of the rapidly developing fields of medicine. So much so that very important progress has been made in gene therapy based on your DNA helix. It is believed that an important step will be taken in the treatment of macular degeneration after the studies become more mature. As I mentioned before, dry type is a slowly progressive disease. At this stage, no treatment is applied. It is necessary to monitor patients closely. However, when age begins to change into type, we intervene. The most important treatment for wet type is intraocular injections. However, it is also important to eliminate risk factors.

Therefore, we advise patients to control high blood pressure, quit smoking, and protect their eyes from the sun. We recommend taking vitamins rich in omega 3 and lutein. The frequency of injection is completely related to the course of the disease.

In such a case, isn’t eye transplantation possible?

No. Think of the eye like a camera or camera lens. Cornea (i.e. lens) transplantation can be performed. When his lens breaks down, he undergoes cataract surgery and is replaced with an artificial one. You can think of the macula as the heart of the camera, that is, the film layer. It is not possible to change it with today’s possibilities.

Are there things we can do now to avoid this problem when we get older?

Avoid looking directly at the sun and wear sunglasses that protect not only the front of your eyes but also the sides. Most importantly, be sure to have routine eye examinations.

How often should we have a routine eye examination?

Routine eye examination is recommended once a year. During an eye examination, we do not just evaluate the person’s vision. We look at eye pressure, the likelihood of developing eye pressure increases after the age of 40. Genetic predisposition is important in this regard. We check to see if the patient has a systemic disease in addition to eye diseases. Because it is possible to detect some systemic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes by fundus examination. If there is such a situation, we definitely direct it to the relevant branches.

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Understanding Oridzin: The Health Benefits and Sources

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oridzin

What is Oridzin?

Oridzin, is a flavonoid glycoside, prevalent in numerous plants. It is celebrated for its wide-ranging health advantages. Originally acknowledged as plant pigments during the 19th century, these substances were later identified as flavonoids, piquing scientific curiosity owing to their potential to improve health.

Evolution of Oridzin Research

Back in the day, scientists were all about studying flavonoids because, they’re the pigments that make plants look pretty. But guess what? It took until the 1930s for them to stumble upon the idea that some flavonoids are actually super good for our health. Now, fast forward thirty years, and researchers are going all Sherlock Holmes to figure out how oridzin, one of these flavonoids, works its magic in our bodies. Why? Well, there’s this widespread belief that chowing down on fruits and veggies packed with these compounds is like a VIP ticket to seriously boosting our overall well-being. Time to load up on those plant-based goodies!

Scientific Validation of Oridzin’s Benefits

In the late 20th century, a significant epidemiological study correlated higher dietary intake of flavonoids with reduced risks of coronary heart disease, stroke, and cancer. This revelation propelled a surge in scientific interest, validating the potential health benefits of oridzin.

Natural and Safe Composition

Oridzin’s natural, safe, and effective properties have positioned it as an ideal standard for health products. This recognition led to a rapid influx of contracts from food and health product companies seeking to incorporate oridzin or flavonoid-enriched foods into their offerings. Subsequently, numerous epidemiological and clinical studies have sprung up, further amplifying interest in oridzin’s health benefits.

Sources of Oridzin

Understanding the various origins of oridzin, a type of flavonoid, aids in integrating these valuable compounds into our daily diet, thereby promoting overall health and wellness.

Oridzin, belonging to the flavonoid subgroup, encompasses compounds such as luteolin, apigenin, and citrusin.

Key sources of these substances include celery, parsley, red pepper, chamomile, mint, and ginkgo leaves. Furthermore, flavonols like kaempferol, quercetin, myricetin, and fisetin are abundant in onions, kale, lettuce, tomatoes, apples, grapes, and berries. Additionally, flavanones, including hesperetin, naringin, and eriodictyol, are commonly found in citrus fruits like tangerines, oranges, lemons, and grapes

Health Benefits of Oridzin

Oridzin’s Antioxidant Potential

Recognized for its potent antioxidant effects, Oridzin plays a pivotal role in preventing oxidative stress and cellular damage caused by free radicals. Consumption of Oridzin-rich foods fortifies the body’s resilience against oxidative harm.

Enhancing Skin Health with Oridzin

Demonstrating potential in improving skin health, Oridzin acts as a shield against the aging effects of time and sunlight exposure, promoting prolonged youthful skin. Its inclusion in skincare products highlights its ability to invigorate skin vitality.

Oridzin’s Impact on Heart Health

Crucial for maintaining optimal heart function, Oridzin has shown promise in certain research studies, correlating with reduced risks of cardiovascular disease, underlining its significance in heart care.

Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Oridzin

With chronic inflammation linked to various long-term illnesses, Oridzin’s anti-inflammatory properties offer potential in combating inflammatory conditions like arthritis, suggesting a valuable role in managing inflammation-related ailments.

Oridzin’s Contribution to Weight Management

In the realm of weight control, Oridzin presents potential benefits, making it a valuable consideration for individuals seeking weight management solutions as part of their weight loss regimen.

Exploring Oridzin’s Impact on Bone Health

Ongoing research into Oridzin’s effects on bone health hints at its potential to enhance bone density and strength. These preliminary findings suggest a promising avenue for maintaining bone health, especially with advancing age.

Conclusion:

Oridzin showcases a spectrum of health benefits, ranging from its robust antioxidant properties that combat cellular damage to its potential in enhancing skin vitality and contributing to heart health. Its anti-inflammatory attributes also offer promise in managing various inflammatory conditions. Additionally, preliminary studies hint at its positive impact on weight management and bone health. Incorporating Oridzin-rich foods into one’s diet from various sources like fruits, vegetables, and herbs can potentially contribute to overall well-being, making it a valuable consideration for a balanced and health-conscious lifestyle.

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Exploring the Medicinal Virtues of Plantago Ovata Seeds: An Elucidative Discourse

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Exploring the Medicinal Virtues of Plantago Ovata Seeds: An Elucidative Discourse

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Plantago ovata seeds

Plantago ovata seeds, renowned colloquially as psyllium, serves as a botanical panacea, extensively employed in the amelioration of constipation and the modulation of cholesterol levels, blood glucose concentrations, and even weight management endeavors.

The quintessential component utilized from Plantago ovata encompasses its seeds, the progenitors of a viscous gel replete with soluble fiber. This gel, when ingested, undergoes hydration within the intestinal milieu, thereby engendering delayed gastric emptying and impeding the assimilation of dietary constituents. Consequently, the therapeutic repertoire of Plantago ovata spans the domains of constipation relief, diminished fat and sugar absorption, and heightened satiety.

Efficacious Applications

Mitigating Constipation:

Plantago ovata, owing to its innate laxative properties, serves as a potent ally against constipation. Soluble fibers within this botanical stimulate peristalsis and augment fecal bulk and moisture content, facilitating ease of expulsion.

Cholesterol Management:

The soluble fiber bounty of Plantago ovata engenders a salutary impact on lipid metabolism, antagonizing the absorption of dietary lipids and, in the long run, precipitating a diminution in serum cholesterol levels.

Cardiovascular Prophylaxis:

By curtailing dietary lipid assimilation and abating cholesterol concentrations, Plantago ovata confers protection against the formation of atherosclerotic plaques within the vasculature, mitigating the risk of cardiovascular maladies such as atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and cerebrovascular accidents.

Alleviating Diarrhea:

Contrarily, Plantago ovata exhibits utility in combating diarrhea by virtue of its ability to augment fecal viscosity, thereby retarding intestinal transit time and ameliorating excessive bowel movements.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Management:

Plantago ovata emerges as a therapeutic adjunct in assuaging irritable bowel syndrome-related manifestations, including alternating periods of diarrhea and constipation, and in mitigating chronic diarrhea precipitated by conditions such as Crohn’s disease.

Glucose Homeostasis:

The soluble fibers inherent to Plantago ovata impede glucose absorption within the intestinal milieu, fostering glycemic regulation and holding promise in the management of diabetes mellitus.

Weight Management:

Plantago ovata, through its augmentation of gastric transit time and induction of satiety, presents a viable avenue for weight loss endeavors, fostering prolonged feelings of fullness and attenuating appetite pangs.

Contraindications and Cautions

Plantago ovata finds prudent utilization under the discerning purview of healthcare practitioners and herbalists, with judicious consideration accorded to potential contraindications and adverse effects.

Precautionary measures encompass:

  • Avoidance in pediatric populations below 12 years of age, as well as pregnant and lactating individuals.
  • Exercise prudence in individuals beset by dysphagia, intestinal obstruction, chronic constipation, and other gastrointestinal maladies.
  • Cessation of usage and prompt medical consultation in the event of protracted constipation, rectal bleeding, or manifestations indicative of allergic reactions.

Administration Modalities

Plantago Ovata Tea:

A decoction comprising Plantago ovata seeds, simmered in water, proffers a therapeutic libation to assuage gastrointestinal maladies. Consumption at a frequency not exceeding thrice daily, antecedent to meals, is advocated for a maximum duration of seven consecutive days.

Plantago Ovata Powder:

Alternatively, the seeds of Plantago ovata may be milled into a fine powder, procurable at health emporia, and incorporated into beverages, yogurt, or fruit salads for facile ingestion and therapeutic efficacy.

In culmination, while Plantago ovata presents a multifaceted panacea for assorted gastrointestinal maladies and metabolic derangements, prudence dictates its usage under professional guidance, with vigilant cognizance accorded to individual susceptibilities and contraindications.

FAQs:

What is Plantago ovata used for?

The utility of Plantago ovata encompasses a spectrum of applications. Its intricate pharmacological mechanisms position it as a valuable adjunctive therapy for inflammatory bowel conditions like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis during phases of dormancy. Through its pharmacodynamic efficacy, it assuages symptoms and forestalls relapses, thus accentuating its clinical significance.

Is Plantago ovata a wheat?

Formerly acknowledged as Plantago insularis, this drought-resistant annual exhibits a penchant for basking in the full brilliance of sunlight, though it also tolerates partial shading. Its unassuming white blossoms grace the arid plains and mesas from January through May, adding a touch of ephemeral beauty to these parched landscapes.

What are the side effects of Plantago?

Unfavorable responses. Plantago major, while generally regarded as benign, may incite certain unfavorable responses post-administration, including but not limited to: nausea, emesis, diarrheic episodes, anorectic tendencies, abdominal distension, heightened sensitivity, and dermal manifestations.

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Explore The Foods for Healthy Gums

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Foods for healthy gums

Making the right choice of foods for healthy gums is crucial as healthy gums can promise healthy teeth.

By being mindful of the foods we consume and their impact on our gums, we can take proactive steps towards preventing gum disease and preserving the well-being of our teeth and gums for years to come.

Here, we’ve curated a list of some nutrient-rich foods that can help promote healthier gums and enhance your overall oral health.

Have you encountered the adage “you are what you eat”?

This commonplace phrase aptly characterizes an individual, encompassing their health status. The practice of consuming nourishing fare reflects one’s self-care ethos. Beyond impacting bodily organs’ well-being, adopting a wholesome diet holds significance in upholding dental health.

So, don’t just eat what tastes good. Try to eat a balanced diet that’s good for your teeth too, to avoid having dental problems later on. You can still enjoy your favorite foods while keeping your teeth healthy by sticking to good dental habits.

The Best Foods For Healthy Gums

Several essential nutrients, including calcium, fluoride, phosphorus, and vitamins A, C, and D, found in foods for healthy gums, play pivotal roles in fostering growth, development, and oral health.

Fulfilling teeth and oral nutritional requisites proves straightforward, involving the consumption of nutrient-dense foods in balanced proportions. Moreover, apart from nutritional composition, dental and oral health intricately intertwined with food and beverage palatability, consistency, and hue.

Fruits abundant in vitamin C and fiber:

 Diverse fruit varieties rich in vitamin C and fiber, such as guava, apples, kiwi, and oranges, exemplify teeth-nourishing victuals. Fiber content aids oral cavity cleansing upon mastication, thereby mitigating cavity-triggering food remnants.

Verdant greens:

 Discussion on teeth-friendly foods remains incomplete sans acknowledgment of verdant greens. A myriad of leafy vegetables, encompassing mustard greens, broccoli, kale, celery, lettuce, and spinach, serves as vitamin A fount for teeth. Analogous to fruits, chewing leafy greens facilitates oral cavity purification by eliminating food residue.

Milk and derivatives:

 All milk variants and their derivatives (cheese, yogurt, kefir) abound in vitamin D, pivotal for teeth fortification. Post-milk product consumption, thorough mouth rinsing or tooth brushing is imperative to preclude lingering food debris, averting malodor.

Diverse fish species:

 Surprisingly, fish emerges as a vitamin D reservoir conducive to dental health. Typically, unsaturated fats within fish entail vitamin D reservoirs. Hence, regular consumption of moderately fatty fish species, encompassing milkfish, tuna, mackerel, sardines, and salmon, proves advantageous.

Seeds and nuts:

 An assortment of seeds and nuts, spanning oats, jam, brown rice, walnuts, among others, constitutes nutrient-rich fare replete with magnesium. Adequate magnesium assimilation supports calcium absorption, perpetuating dental and oral health upkeep.

Green and black tea:

 Beyond palatability, green and black tea harbor fluoride content, fostering cavity amelioration and enamel reinforcement. Moreover, these tea variants serve as natural antibacterials, combating oral malodor and cavity-triggering bacteria. Nonetheless, consistent teeth brushing and tea consumption moderation are recommended to forestall tooth discoloration.

 Water:

Staying hydrated is crucial for maintaining overall health, including gum health. Drinking plenty of water helps flush out food particles and bacteria from the mouth, preventing plaque buildup and promoting saliva production, which is essential for protecting the gums.

Incorporating these  nutrient-rich foods into your diet can help promote healthier gums and improve your overall oral health. Remember to maintain good oral hygiene practices, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and scheduling regular dental check-ups.

Understanding Gum Disease

Gum disease, medically known as periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection affecting the gums. It typically arises due to inadequate oral hygiene practices. When plaque and tartar accumulate on teeth, often due to irregular professional cleanings or insufficient brushing and flossing, the gums recede from the tooth surface, forming pockets where harmful bacteria thrive and infect the gum tissues.

If left untreated, gum disease can escalate, causing significant discomfort, severe gum recession, tooth loss, and even deterioration of the jawbone. Furthermore, gum disease has been linked to various serious systemic health issues, including respiratory infections, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, dementia, reproductive problems, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Prevention and Treatment Strategies for Gum Disease

To keep gum disease at bay, it’s best to focus on prevention. Once it gets worse and affects the gums badly, treating it becomes hard. So, the key is to maintain healthy gums by taking good care of your mouth. This means brushing your teeth twice every day for at least two minutes and flossing once a day, making sure to remove plaque and bacteria from your teeth and under your gums.

Also, supporting gum health involves eating a balanced diet with lots of vitamins and nutrients that fight inflammation and help your immune system protect against gum disease.

Avoiding Foods for Healthier Gums

To promote gum health, it’s advisable to steer clear of sugary foods and beverages as well as processed carbohydrates. Bacteria thrive on the sugars in these foods, exacerbating any infection. Moreover, such dietary choices increase the risk of tooth decay and cavities, exacerbating gum disease.

An array of edibles and beverages pose potential hazards to dental and oral health, such as:

  • Items exhibiting excessive strength, like ice cubes, crackers, and crab shells.
  • Sticky-textured comestibles, Exemplified by caramel, candy, and tapioca pudding.
  • Pigmented beverages, namely coffee, tea, and soda.

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