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Most Common Orthopedic Surgeries For Women



Most Common Orthopedic Surgeries For Women

In developed countries, musculoskeletal conditions are the most prevalent among the adult population. About 20 percent to 40 percent of the population suffers from some or the other musculoskeletal condition.

Injury to the supporting bones, supporting tissues, and joints, such as strains, sprains, fractures, and dislocation, is a common musculoskeletal condition affecting middle-aged people. Back pain, and soft-tissue disorders, such as tendonitis and bursitis, are other orthopedic conditions prevalent among people between 40s and 60s.

A growing pool of research reveals that females reported more moderate to severe orthopedic pain than males. Why? An international study discovered that four out of ten women who visit the hospital for orthopedic injuries have suffered gender violence. Hormonal and menopausal factors also contribute to orthopedic conditions among women.

In this article, we’ll discuss a few orthopedic surgeries common among women.

#1 ACL Reconstruction Surgery

ACL surgery involves the reconstruction or repair of the anterior cruciate ligament—hence, the name Anterior Cruciate Ligament surgery. This anterior cruciate ligament is located in the center of the knee.

Multiple studies cite that women are more at risk of injuring their ACLs than males. Not surprisingly, female athletes in sports such as soccer, team handball, and basketball damage their ACLs at an alarmingly high rate. Why?

The wide pelvis is the reason behind women’s increased risk of ACL injury. On top of that, women’s ligaments are more flexible than men’s. As such, they are more prone to stretching and twisting.

Orthopedic surgeons and sports medicine physicians typically perform this surgery. The torn ligament is replaced with a tissue graft to replicate or mimic the natural ACL during the procedure. It’s a minimally invasive surgery as it’s done arthroscopically.

#2 Hip Replacement Surgery

Also known as hip arthroplasty, hip replacement surgery is done to relieve pain in the hip. Femur, or the hip bones, and the pelvis, or the thigh bones, are connected by a ball-and-socket joint.

In hip replacement surgery, surgeons use artificial implants to replace one or both portions of the hip joint.

Hip replacement surgery is of two types. In the Birmingham hip resurfacing procedure, surgeons replace only those portions that are damaged. This makes the surgery less invasive, so recovery doesn’t take much time.

When it comes to the traditional approach, the complete ball-and-socket joint gets replaced. Plastic or metal prosthesis is used in this approach.

More than 1,500,000 women underwent hip replacement surgery, reveals a recent NIH study. That is equivalent to 56 percent of respondents who participated in the study. It further reveals that approximately 1,239,107 men underwent hip arthroplasty, which equals 43.65 percent. These figures indicate that women undergo hip replacement surgery more than men.

When speaking of hip replacement surgery, Exactech deserves mention, as several people are suing it for selling defective hip replacement liners. Over 100,000 people were implanted with Exactech’s defective hip replacement liners. Synovitis, or tissue inflammation around joints, and osteolysis, a condition that destroys bone tissue, are linked with defective Exactech hip replacement liners, reports TorHoerman Law.

While the company has offered to cover “recall-related out-of-pocket” expenses, there have been no approved settlements. Anyone who required revision surgery after getting injured due to an Exactech hip implant is eligible for an Exactech hip replacement recall lawsuit. On average, the settlement amount is estimated to range from $50,000 to $300,000.

#3 Spinal Surgeries

As women age, they can develop various spine-related problems.

Osteoporosis is the primary reason women suffer from spine issues. Spinal compression fractures are also common among women, often leading to bone density loss.

With age, women are also at an increased risk of postural issues like developing a hump or shrinking, disc degeneration, and slipped discs due to arthritis and osteoporosis. Joining two or more vertebrae becomes necessary to relieve back pain caused by arthritis.

In women, especially those over 40, common spine surgeries include:

  • Complex lumbar and cervical surgery
  • Cervical and lumbar disc surgery
  • Minimally invasive spine procedures

MRI reports and pain patterns are the two most important factors that help professionals determine the surgery you should go for.

Orthopedic Surgeries for Women: The Final Takeaway

If you’ve been injured recently or face trouble walking long distances, it’s about time you visit an orthopedic surgeon. Many times, medications do a great job of treating orthopedic conditions. But surgical procedures are needed in severe cases to prevent musculoskeletal injury from worsening.

These aren’t the only surgical procedures women go through to manage mobility issues and pain. Knee surgery, shoulder replacement surgery, knee arthroscopy, shoulder arthroscopy, joint fusion, and trigger finger are other common surgeries among women.

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What is Cardiac Asthma? All You Need To Know



cardiac asthma

Cardiac asthma is not asthma occurring in a person with heart disease. These are in fact respiratory manifestations of cardiac decompensation, suggestive of the symptoms of an asthma attack, occurring in people without a history of asthma or allergy. 

What is cardiac asthma?

Cardiac asthma is a type of asthma related to the heart. If the left side of the heart is weakened, it can no longer pump enough oxygen-rich blood into the circulation and thus into the organs and muscles. This in turn leads to blood congestion in the lungs and less resilience. The result: physical weakness (and the associated low resilience), tiredness and fatigue, shortness of breath, anxiety and coughing (also called “cardiac cough”).

When blood backs up in the lungs, the liquid blood components – such as water – are pressed into the lungs. This accumulation of water can cause pulmonary edema (also called water or congestive lung), which is accompanied by shortness of breath (dyspnea), rattling breathing and/or sputum for the affected person. The shortness of breath can be so severe that the patient becomes restless and is afraid of suffocating.

Differences between cardiac asthma and bronchial asthma

Bronchial asthma and cardiac asthma share a number of symptoms that can complicate a differential diagnosis.

These symptoms are:

  • Dyspnea (difficult and disturbed breathing);
  • Hissing, wheezing and whistling when breathing;
  • cough with foamy sputum;
  • cold sweating and cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the skin).

Symptoms of cardiac asthma

If the term cardiac asthma has been used in the past, it is because its symptoms are close to those of an asthma attack:

  • Breathing difficulties;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • Cough;
  • Expiratory wheezing;
  • Bronchial hyperreactivity;
  • Orthopnea (breathing difficulty when lying down, improved when sitting or standing).

They occur in a patient in left heart failure in which the heart tires due to an infection or excessive physical effort. The left ventricle then fails to expel all of the blood it receives into the aorta, which will therefore accumulate upstream in the left atrium and the pulmonary veins, causing lung edema , a reduction of the volume of circulating air and respiratory discomfort which manifests itself in symptoms similar to those of an asthma attack.

How is the diagnosis made? 

Breathing  suddenly becomes wheezy and associated with shortness of breath  in an elderly person who has never been asthmatic or allergic should immediately suggest left heart failure.  It is then necessary to consult quickly. The attending physician refers you to a cardiologist who , in addition to his questioning and  clinical examination, prescribes additional tests: 

  • blood tests, 
  • electrocardiogram, 
  • chest x-ray, 
  • electrocardiography. 

Treatment of cardiac asthma

The treatment of cardiac asthma is primarily based on that of heart failure which is very often the cause. The goal is to remove water from the lungs to prevent pulmonary edema ,” explains Dr. Assyag. Acute pulmonary edema is a therapeutic emergency that must be treated as quickly as possible by initiating a diuretic infusion.

Taking a bronchodilator by a patient believing they are the victim of an asthma attack when they are in fact experiencing cardiac decompensation can be fatal, continues the specialist. Bronchodilators speed up the heart and may worsen decompensation. But for cardiac asthma, it’s important to calm the heart, slow it down, and remove water from the lungs instead.

Living with cardiac asthma 

Here again, to live well with cardiac asthma, it is mainly a matter of monitoring your heart failure. Some precautions are therefore in order: 

  • Limit your fluid intake, you should not exceed 2L per day (food and ice cubes included); 
  • Adopt a low-salt diet; 
  • You must have a healthy, and balanced  diet;
  • Stop smoking and reduce your alcohol consumption; 
  • Have regular physical activity, adapted to your state of health, ask your doctor for advice. 

When should you see the doctor?

If shortness of breath, or wheezing persists, a doctor should clarify the cause. The same applies if you experience a racing heart, dizziness or a general feeling of weakness without physical exertion or overexertion. A visit to the doctor is particularly urgent if pathological, usually rattling breathing noises are noticed or if foamy sputum appears. If you feel like you are suffocating, you must call an emergency doctor immediately , who can diagnose cardiac asthma and, if necessary, treat it on site.

Immediate medical clarification is also necessary if you have existing heart failure or another disease of the cardiovascular system, metabolism or immune system. People who are overweight, smoke or consume excessive amounts of alcohol should speak to their family doctor if they have these symptoms.

If breathing difficulties or sputum occur as a result of overexertion or a flu-like infection, a medical examination is also necessary. Once diagnosed, cardiac asthma symptoms can be easily treated. In the case of chronic disorder, regular medical check up may be necessary.


How to treat severe asthma?

In severe asthma, treatment with anti-IgE antibodies will be administered, in cases where the IgE level is high. “This is a heavy treatment, but effective,” emphasizes the pulmonologist.

What is allergic asthma?

This asthma is a pathology linked to an allergic phenomenon, as its name suggests. “ There is an alteration of the immune response, which becomes excessive in the face of various antigens ,” specifies the pulmonologist. 

Can an asthma attack be serious?

Yes, an asthma attack can be fatal. A person can die from an untreated asthma attack; fortunately, many patients know how to react in the event of an attack. It is necessary to train patients and those around them to react adequately (take their medication and call the 15 in severe cases) ,” advises the doctor. 

What are the symptoms of an asthma attack?

  • A cough
  • Breathing difficulty
  • A whistling sound of breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Even asphyxiation

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What is Macular Degeneration? Early Warning Signs

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What is Macular Degeneration? Early Warning Signs



Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, which impairs the central vision function of the eye, which is important for clear vision, causes problems in reading and writing, and affects the patient’s quality of life, occurs as age progresses. Among the early precautions that can be taken in this disease, which carries the risk of losing the eye, it is of great importance not to look directly at the sun. ‘Age-Related Macular Degeneration’, popularly known as macular degeneration, occurs with advancing age, as its name suggests. It is seen in two different types and the navigational situation varies depending on the type.

What is macular degeneration?

We have a general visual field. We can define this as a circular area on a plane. In addition, we also have a central visual field located in the center of this circle, which provides us with clear vision. The central field of vision is important for performing delicate and delicate work. In our circular visual field, visual sensitivity decreases as we move from the center to the periphery. But while peripheral vision is not important in providing clear vision, it is sensitive to motion. Therefore, peripheral vision is also an important function of the eye. For example; Peripheral vision is required when driving a car or checking to see if anything is passing us. But the main thing for our eyes is to see the center. The macula provides 90 percent of our central vision. When our macula begins to deteriorate due to age, our central vision deteriorates.

What symptoms does the disease appear with?

Put a black dot or something in the center, if there is a shift in the lines next to it when looking at this central dot, this is among the signs that the disease has begun. The patient’s complaints are usually as follows; “When I look at someone outside, I can see clearly, but it seems like there is a darkness or a cloud in my eyes” or “When I read a text, the edges of the text slide or when I solve a puzzle, it feels like the edges are not straight.” There are two types of this disease: dry type and wet type. Both have positive and negative aspects compared to each other. But both types, unfortunately, are diseases that should be taken seriously, as they significantly reduce visual sensitivity.

What are the differences between these two types?

The dry type progresses slowly and impairs our vision in the long term. The wet type is a type that we can intervene in, but it progresses very quickly. In the past, when we detected this disease, we would give the patient vitamins and send them away. However, recently drugs that we call anti-VEG agents have been found. For treatment purposes, we inject these drugs into the white part of the eye with a very thin needle.

Of course, this process scares people. Because saying ‘we will put a needle into your eye and give you medicine’ may seem frightening to the patient at first. However, after the first procedure is performed, patients understand that the event is not scary and their treatment continues. Generally, four injections a year, three months apart, are sufficient. However, depending on the condition of the disease, we may increase the number of cures to six or even ten. The process is completed in less than a minute. Despite this, we perform the procedure under operating room conditions to prevent the eye from getting infected.

What are the risk factors of the disease?

First of all, age is an important risk. The incidence of the disease increases over the age of 60. Apart from these, exposure to sunlight and looking at the sun with the naked eye are also important risk factors. For this reason, sailors, pilots and agricultural workers can be considered in the risky occupational group. In addition, high blood pressure also triggers the disease. It can be seen at a higher rate in people with light-coloured eyes, those with hyperopia and smokers.

So, what is the incidence of macular degeneration?

As human life increases, the incidence increases. It is seen in 25 percent of people over the age of 70. This means that it is seen in one in four people on average. Almost 100 percent of those over the age of 90. This is not a disorder unique to us, it can be seen in all societies. Unfortunately, there is a possibility of losing the eye.

What method do you use during the diagnosis phase?

During the examination, we check the patient’s vision, measure the eye pressure, perform the examination with a biomicroscope, and then dilate the pupil with the help of a drop. There is a device called OCT, a type of tomography. With this, we examine the structure of the eye. We also perform eye angiography to check whether there is a circulatory disorder in the eye vessels. In this way, we can determine whether there is a yellow spot in the eye and also distinguish its type (wet-dry).

So, isn’t it possible to cure the disease completely?

Unfortunately, this is not possible with today’s medical facilities. But genetics is one of the rapidly developing fields of medicine. So much so that very important progress has been made in gene therapy based on your DNA helix. It is believed that an important step will be taken in the treatment of macular degeneration after the studies become more mature. As I mentioned before, dry type is a slowly progressive disease. At this stage, no treatment is applied. It is necessary to monitor patients closely. However, when age begins to change into type, we intervene. The most important treatment for wet type is intraocular injections. However, it is also important to eliminate risk factors.

Therefore, we advise patients to control high blood pressure, quit smoking, and protect their eyes from the sun. We recommend taking vitamins rich in omega 3 and lutein. The frequency of injection is completely related to the course of the disease.

In such a case, isn’t eye transplantation possible?

No. Think of the eye like a camera or camera lens. Cornea (i.e. lens) transplantation can be performed. When his lens breaks down, he undergoes cataract surgery and is replaced with an artificial one. You can think of the macula as the heart of the camera, that is, the film layer. It is not possible to change it with today’s possibilities.

Are there things we can do now to avoid this problem when we get older?

Avoid looking directly at the sun and wear sunglasses that protect not only the front of your eyes but also the sides. Most importantly, be sure to have routine eye examinations.

How often should we have a routine eye examination?

Routine eye examination is recommended once a year. During an eye examination, we do not just evaluate the person’s vision. We look at eye pressure, the likelihood of developing eye pressure increases after the age of 40. Genetic predisposition is important in this regard. We check to see if the patient has a systemic disease in addition to eye diseases. Because it is possible to detect some systemic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes by fundus examination. If there is such a situation, we definitely direct it to the relevant branches.

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Top 09 Natural Beauty Secrets For Women



Natural Beauty Secrets for women

Unlock radiant beauty with our curated guide to the Top 9 Natural Beauty Secrets for Women. Transform your skincare routine with these powerful yet simple tips and embrace a more vibrant you.

Honey, lemon, yogurt, Eggs, Pumpkins, Turmeric, Carrots, Kiwi and Strawberries are those 09 foods you may have in your fridge that are miraculous natural beauty secrets. Here’s how to use them.

Food makes us beautiful. And this time we say it in a literal sense, because there are foods that, if used appropriately, reveal true natural beauty secrets.

Concentrates of vitamins, mineral salts, acids that improve the appearance of the skin and nutrients that make the hair silky and very soft.

These are not foods with particular nutritional power, but foods that can be used as natural cosmetics.

Do you want to know what are the Top 09 Natural Beauty Secrets For Women?

Here is the shopping list to stick on the fridge, even if you probably already have many of the following ingredients in the fridge: from eggs to yogurt, here are the natural beauty secrets  within everyone’s reach and super effective.

Yogurt, to nourish skin and hair:

Yogurt is not only a marvel for restoring bacterial flora but is also suitable as a very natural cleansing milk. If used on the face or hair as a compress, it deeply nourishes and purifies both the dermis and the hair. It manages to reduce blemishes such as blemishes, pimples and even expression lines. Also excellent for softening thickened skin in areas such as elbows, knees and heels.

Honey, to reduce wrinkles:

Honey is an excellent supplement that provides natural sugars, vitamins and many mineral salts to the body if ingested.

But even to be used externally it is a real marvel! It has a nourishing and emollient effect (the term “emollient” derives from the word honey), which is why it is particularly suitable as a basic ingredient for softening masks and wrinkle-reducing compresses.

Furthermore, its disinfectant and healing power makes it an excellent ally to fight pimples, wounds and cold sores.

Lemon, to purify skin and scalp:

Lemon is a concentrate of vitamin C to drink. But not only that: it is also the best as an astringent and disinfectant tonic.

It lightens the skin, disinfects it and tones it , so it is ideal for acne, oily and impure skin or even to counteract seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp.

To defeat the latter, light rubs of lemon juice combined with water and sodium bicarbonate will suffice. In addition to being an excellent tonic, it is also excellent as an additive to creams for combination skin due to its purifying effect.

Eggs, to regenerate skin and hair:

Nutritious and highly protein-rich, eggs are a food to be included in a balanced diet (without exaggerating their consumption so as not to raise cholesterol levels too much).

Used as a cosmetic, however, they can be used for compresses and emulsions to be applied on the face and hair , both the yolk and the egg white regenerate the hair and skin in periods of greater stress.

In autumn they counteract hair loss and asphyxiated skin, in winter they prevent dry hair and chapped cheeks. And in spring and summer? Even in the hottest seasons, eggs help cell regeneration.

Carrots, for an anti-wrinkle mask:

We all know the beneficial effects of carrots as a food, from beta-carotene which protects the skin from UVA rays to the vitamins they contain.

However, few people know about its miraculous properties as a cosmetic . With cooked carrot puree you can make a DIY anti-wrinkle mask that is as economical as it is effective.

And carrot juice is an exceptional tonic for firming the skin and improving its complexion.

Turmeric, against blemishes:

Turmeric is a spice whose thermogenic properties are appreciated : by eating a pinch of it a day, you increase your metabolism, burn more calories and therefore eliminate more fat, increasing body heat.

In addition to being a beauty ingredient to ingest, turmeric is also ideal for spreading on the face to say bye to hateful hair and the unpleasant surprises of acne.

Mix a few teaspoons of this intense yellow powdered spice with a little water and apply the mixture to the critical areas.

Leave it to act for 15-20 minutes and you will see that after a few applications your skin will be reborn!

Kiwi, for a super hydrating mask:

Kiwi is a fruit with a thousand properties . Chock full of vitamins and rich in antioxidants that slow down skin aging , kiwi is to be welcomed with open arms on the healthiest tables.

But also in the beauty routine: when the kiwi is too ripe and mushy, its pulp becomes particularly acidic, but absolutely don’t throw it away.

Rather, spread it on your face, leave it to act for 15 minutes, rinse with plenty of warm water and let’s go: peach skin, rather than kiwi!

The seeds and pulp of this fruit are emollient and hydrating , thus making the treated skin very elastic and luminous.

Pumpkin, anti-aging mask or scrub:

Pumpkin is a concentrate of antioxidants and vitamins, which is why it is an excellent food for well-being of your skin.

Same rating as a natural cosmetic. For an anti-aging face mask , a smoothing and hydrating compress , pumpkin is ideal thanks to the beta-carotene it contains.

The seeds of this vegetable are also useful for preparing a delicate scrub . Just chop them, mix them with a little pulp, add a drizzle of olive oil and spread gently.

If you have some unused pumpkin leftover, use it as a hair pack. Crush the pulp, mix it with a couple of teaspoons of honey and spread on your hair before shampooing. 

Strawberries, against bags and dark circles:

Strawberry is a heady cocktail of antioxidant flavonoids, calcium, magnesium, vitamin C and potassium.

Strawberries are officially recognized among the natural beauty secrets since they were included among the super anti-aging foods in the special ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) ranking drawn up by the USDA (the US Department of Agriculture) precisely for their record content in antioxidant substances beneficial for health.

But even when used externally, strawberries are miraculous, read (and try) to believe! Blend four or five strawberries and spread the puree under your eyes if you suffer from bags and dark circles.

After 15 minutes of posing, rinse and you won’t believe your dark circles. Because they will be gone!

This is because strawberries have anti-inflammatory properties. Even by cutting strawberries into rounds to place on the face or by passing a cotton pad soaked in their juice on the critical areas you will have stunning results.

Antioxidants renew cells , salicylic acid eliminates skin blemishes and reduces wrinkles. 

Even acne is a bitter enemy of strawberries: chop five strawberries, combine them with a spoonful of sour cream and spread on the areas affected by pimples. Leave to act for 10 minutes, repeating the operation twice a week.

When exposed to direct sunlight, using a strawberry pulp mask actively protects the epidermis, thanks to anthocyanins, the pigments responsible for strawberries’ characteristic red color


What is Natural Beauty?

Natural beauty is when your skin looks beautiful and healthy without the need for any artificial intervention. Skin cleansing is essential  for a radiant skin appearance. In the evening, cleanse your skin, exposed to adverse environmental conditions like makeup residues, air pollution, and seasonal changes throughout the day

You can purify your skin with cleansers suitable for your skin that do not damage the skin’s protective barrier and cleanse the pores deeply.

It is possible to use skin tonics to help the skin breathe. Toners that you can apply to your clean skin with a make-up remover cotton will help refresh your skin. You can reveal your natural beauty by regularly applying your skin care routine, which reduces the appearance of pores and makes it easier for you to combat skin problems such as blackheads and acne.

What are Natural Beauty Methods?

You may encounter different recipe suggestions to preserve your natural beauty. Consult skin experts before using masks like cucumber or yogurt to prevent allergic reactions. Natural beauty cures made from vegetables and fruits, prepared with yogurt and honey may not be suitable for every skin. Consult dermatologists to understand your skin type, allergies, and assess the potential impact of materials on your skin.

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