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Calculus Bridge Causes, Treatment and Preventions



Calculus Bridge

What Is Calculus Bridge?

A calculus bridge, also known as dental calculus or tartar, refers to a hardened buildup of plaque on the teeth. When plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, mixes with minerals in saliva, it calcifies and forms a hard deposit on the teeth. This hardened substance can’t be removed through regular brushing or flossing and often requires professional dental intervention, such as a thorough cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist using specialized tools, to effectively remove it from the teeth and gumline.

The difference between plaque and tartar

If plaque isn’t cleaned on a regular basis, it can gather minerals from your saliva and turn into tartar, an off-white or yellow material.

The front and rear surfaces of your teeth develop tartar accumulation along the gum line. You might be able to remove some tartar buildup with careful flossing, but you’ll probably need to see a dentist to get rid of it completely.

How plaque can become a calculus bridge?

The formation of dental calculus involves three basic steps: plaque formation, maturation and mineralization. The first two steps are actually the formation process of plaque. In the last step, plaque undergoes mineral deposition and mineralization to form relatively hard tartar. The mineralized component of supragingival calculus comes from saliva; the mineralized component of subgingival calculus mainly comes from gingival crevicular fluid. Mineralization is gradually deposited in the plaque matrix, and then the matrix is ​​completely calcified, and the bacteria are gradually calcified. The calcifications first appear in the shape of small foci, gradually increase in size, and merge into large pieces of calculus.

According to research, it happens in one to fourteen days.Because the tartar doesn’t merely remain on your teeth, it can be dangerous. It may start to grow and penetrate your gum line. This calculus can damage the tissue beneath your gum line, resulting in gum disease and tooth decay. It can also stain and appear tan or brown on your teeth.

Side effects of a calculus bridge

Dental calculus is the cause of gingivitis and periodontal disease, because dental calculus can compress the gums, affect blood circulation, cause inflammation and shrinkage of the gums, and its rough surface can easily adhere to a large amount of bacterial toxins, causing an inflammatory reaction in the periodontal tissue. If gingival inflammation is not effectively controlled, it will continue to develop, causing damage to the periodontal tissue, and eventually evolve into troublesome periodontitis. Then the patient will suffer from bad breath, alveolar bone resorption, tooth decay, tooth root exposure, loosening and loss of teeth, etc. 

A dental calculus bridge can also lead to these conditions:


Your breath may smell due to tartar accumulation and plaque. This is referred to as halitosis.


Your gums could get irritated or red. When you brush or floss your teeth, you might notice some bleeding at first. It can develop into periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease, if treatment is not received.

Receding gums

One more kind of periodontal disease is receding gums. It’s possible for your gums to start pulling away from your teeth, exposing more of your teeth and creating spaces for bacteria to enter between your gums and teeth.


Bacteria from your toothbrush may be defended against by tartar accumulation on your teeth. Additionally, plaque and tartar can lead to the formation of microscopic holes in your teeth’s enamel, which let bacteria and acid seep into the tooth and result in cavities.

Tooth loss

Dental calculus can eventually result in gum disease and the loss of one or more teeth if left untreated.

What causes plaque?

Plaque Buildup:

 Plaque, a sticky bacterial film that accumulates on teeth, combines with minerals in saliva, forming hardened calculus when not adequately removed through brushing and flossing.

Poor Oral Hygiene:

 Inconsistent or inadequate oral hygiene habits, including infrequent brushing, improper technique, or neglecting to floss, can lead to the buildup of plaque and eventual calculus formation.

Diet and Lifestyle:

 High consumption of sugary or starchy foods, combined with poor dietary choices, can contribute to increased plaque formation, aiding calculus development.

Saliva Composition:

 Individual variations in saliva consistency or chemical composition can influence the rate at which plaque hardens into calculus. Factors like pH(potential Hydrogen) levels and mineral content may play a role.

Alcohol Intake:

Excessive alcohol can cause dry mouth, reducing saliva that washes away bacteria and plaque. This increases plaque buildup, leading to tartar formation on teeth. Poor oral hygiene habits from alcohol use can also contribute to calculus development.

Inadequate Dental Care:

 Irregular dental check-ups and professional cleanings allow plaque to accumulate over time, facilitating its transformation into hardened calculus, particularly in hard-to-reach areas that brushing and flossing may miss.

Calculus bridge removal

Once you have a bridge of calculus on your teeth, you can’t brush it off. A professional cleaning can remove all or the vast majority of it,but if it’s deep below the gumline, additional procedures like scaling and root planing might be necessary. Dental scalers or ultrasonic instruments are used to carefully remove hardened plaque, and multiple sessions may be required for extensive buildup, potentially resulting in sore gums post-cleaning.

How to prevent plaque?

 Consistent Dental Care 

  • Preventing a calculus bridge requires consistent dental care to prevent tartar buildup and plaque formation.
  • Maintain thorough oral hygiene by brushing teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste for at least 2 minutes each time.
  • Perform interdental cleaning daily using floss or other tools to remove debris between teeth.
  • Reduce consumption of sugary snacks and drinks to limit bacterial growth and plaque formation.
  • Regularly visit a dentist for checkups to monitor oral health, identify signs of gum disease or tooth decay, and receive personalized recommendations for a consistent oral care routine.

Mouth Rinse

Consider using mouth rinse in addition to flossing to reach bacteria between teeth. Various types like chlorhexidine (CHX), probiotic, herbal, and essential oil rinses have been studied. CHX, effective but prescription-only, may cause teeth staining and increased tartar. Probiotic and herbal rinses, effective without staining, improve plaque levels. Essential oil-based rinses, such as Listerine Cool Mint, containing oils like menthol, thyme, wintergreen, and eucalyptus, show reduced plaque and gingivitis in studies.

What should I do if I have minor problems with my teeth after teeth cleaning?

Some patients will experience symptoms such as tooth sensitivity, soreness, and increased looseness after tooth cleaning. Among them, tooth sensitivity is mainly caused by the exposure of dentin on the root surface and near the tooth neck after treatment. Usually the symptoms of sensitivity will gradually disappear in the later stage. Such patients should try to avoid eating foods that are too cold, too hot, and too acidic to reduce local irritation. At the same time, anti-sensitive toothpaste can be used to relieve symptoms.

The main cause of increased tooth loosening is periodontal ligament edema and congestion caused by trauma during treatment. This loosening is temporary and generally does not require any treatment. After a few weeks of surgery, the edema will subside and your teeth will recover.

Dental health issues cannot be ignored. Maintain good oral hygiene, brush your teeth frequently in daily life, pay attention to food intake, and do not facilitate the formation of dental calculus. After the “scaling” treatment, it cannot be done once and for all. You must still pay attention to cleaning to prevent dental calculus from coming back.

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Understanding Oridzin: The Health Benefits and Sources




What is Oridzin?

Oridzin, is a flavonoid glycoside, prevalent in numerous plants. It is celebrated for its wide-ranging health advantages. Originally acknowledged as plant pigments during the 19th century, these substances were later identified as flavonoids, piquing scientific curiosity owing to their potential to improve health.

Evolution of Oridzin Research

Back in the day, scientists were all about studying flavonoids because, they’re the pigments that make plants look pretty. But guess what? It took until the 1930s for them to stumble upon the idea that some flavonoids are actually super good for our health. Now, fast forward thirty years, and researchers are going all Sherlock Holmes to figure out how oridzin, one of these flavonoids, works its magic in our bodies. Why? Well, there’s this widespread belief that chowing down on fruits and veggies packed with these compounds is like a VIP ticket to seriously boosting our overall well-being. Time to load up on those plant-based goodies!

Scientific Validation of Oridzin’s Benefits

In the late 20th century, a significant epidemiological study correlated higher dietary intake of flavonoids with reduced risks of coronary heart disease, stroke, and cancer. This revelation propelled a surge in scientific interest, validating the potential health benefits of oridzin.

Natural and Safe Composition

Oridzin’s natural, safe, and effective properties have positioned it as an ideal standard for health products. This recognition led to a rapid influx of contracts from food and health product companies seeking to incorporate oridzin or flavonoid-enriched foods into their offerings. Subsequently, numerous epidemiological and clinical studies have sprung up, further amplifying interest in oridzin’s health benefits.

Sources of Oridzin

Understanding the various origins of oridzin, a type of flavonoid, aids in integrating these valuable compounds into our daily diet, thereby promoting overall health and wellness.

Oridzin, belonging to the flavonoid subgroup, encompasses compounds such as luteolin, apigenin, and citrusin.

Key sources of these substances include celery, parsley, red pepper, chamomile, mint, and ginkgo leaves. Furthermore, flavonols like kaempferol, quercetin, myricetin, and fisetin are abundant in onions, kale, lettuce, tomatoes, apples, grapes, and berries. Additionally, flavanones, including hesperetin, naringin, and eriodictyol, are commonly found in citrus fruits like tangerines, oranges, lemons, and grapes

Health Benefits of Oridzin

Oridzin’s Antioxidant Potential

Recognized for its potent antioxidant effects, Oridzin plays a pivotal role in preventing oxidative stress and cellular damage caused by free radicals. Consumption of Oridzin-rich foods fortifies the body’s resilience against oxidative harm.

Enhancing Skin Health with Oridzin

Demonstrating potential in improving skin health, Oridzin acts as a shield against the aging effects of time and sunlight exposure, promoting prolonged youthful skin. Its inclusion in skincare products highlights its ability to invigorate skin vitality.

Oridzin’s Impact on Heart Health

Crucial for maintaining optimal heart function, Oridzin has shown promise in certain research studies, correlating with reduced risks of cardiovascular disease, underlining its significance in heart care.

Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Oridzin

With chronic inflammation linked to various long-term illnesses, Oridzin’s anti-inflammatory properties offer potential in combating inflammatory conditions like arthritis, suggesting a valuable role in managing inflammation-related ailments.

Oridzin’s Contribution to Weight Management

In the realm of weight control, Oridzin presents potential benefits, making it a valuable consideration for individuals seeking weight management solutions as part of their weight loss regimen.

Exploring Oridzin’s Impact on Bone Health

Ongoing research into Oridzin’s effects on bone health hints at its potential to enhance bone density and strength. These preliminary findings suggest a promising avenue for maintaining bone health, especially with advancing age.


Oridzin showcases a spectrum of health benefits, ranging from its robust antioxidant properties that combat cellular damage to its potential in enhancing skin vitality and contributing to heart health. Its anti-inflammatory attributes also offer promise in managing various inflammatory conditions. Additionally, preliminary studies hint at its positive impact on weight management and bone health. Incorporating Oridzin-rich foods into one’s diet from various sources like fruits, vegetables, and herbs can potentially contribute to overall well-being, making it a valuable consideration for a balanced and health-conscious lifestyle.

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Exploring the Medicinal Virtues of Plantago Ovata Seeds: An Elucidative Discourse



Plantago ovata seeds

Plantago ovata seeds, renowned colloquially as psyllium, serves as a botanical panacea, extensively employed in the amelioration of constipation and the modulation of cholesterol levels, blood glucose concentrations, and even weight management endeavors.

The quintessential component utilized from Plantago ovata encompasses its seeds, the progenitors of a viscous gel replete with soluble fiber. This gel, when ingested, undergoes hydration within the intestinal milieu, thereby engendering delayed gastric emptying and impeding the assimilation of dietary constituents. Consequently, the therapeutic repertoire of Plantago ovata spans the domains of constipation relief, diminished fat and sugar absorption, and heightened satiety.

Efficacious Applications

Mitigating Constipation:

Plantago ovata, owing to its innate laxative properties, serves as a potent ally against constipation. Soluble fibers within this botanical stimulate peristalsis and augment fecal bulk and moisture content, facilitating ease of expulsion.

Cholesterol Management:

The soluble fiber bounty of Plantago ovata engenders a salutary impact on lipid metabolism, antagonizing the absorption of dietary lipids and, in the long run, precipitating a diminution in serum cholesterol levels.

Cardiovascular Prophylaxis:

By curtailing dietary lipid assimilation and abating cholesterol concentrations, Plantago ovata confers protection against the formation of atherosclerotic plaques within the vasculature, mitigating the risk of cardiovascular maladies such as atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and cerebrovascular accidents.

Alleviating Diarrhea:

Contrarily, Plantago ovata exhibits utility in combating diarrhea by virtue of its ability to augment fecal viscosity, thereby retarding intestinal transit time and ameliorating excessive bowel movements.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Management:

Plantago ovata emerges as a therapeutic adjunct in assuaging irritable bowel syndrome-related manifestations, including alternating periods of diarrhea and constipation, and in mitigating chronic diarrhea precipitated by conditions such as Crohn’s disease.

Glucose Homeostasis:

The soluble fibers inherent to Plantago ovata impede glucose absorption within the intestinal milieu, fostering glycemic regulation and holding promise in the management of diabetes mellitus.

Weight Management:

Plantago ovata, through its augmentation of gastric transit time and induction of satiety, presents a viable avenue for weight loss endeavors, fostering prolonged feelings of fullness and attenuating appetite pangs.

Contraindications and Cautions

Plantago ovata finds prudent utilization under the discerning purview of healthcare practitioners and herbalists, with judicious consideration accorded to potential contraindications and adverse effects.

Precautionary measures encompass:

  • Avoidance in pediatric populations below 12 years of age, as well as pregnant and lactating individuals.
  • Exercise prudence in individuals beset by dysphagia, intestinal obstruction, chronic constipation, and other gastrointestinal maladies.
  • Cessation of usage and prompt medical consultation in the event of protracted constipation, rectal bleeding, or manifestations indicative of allergic reactions.

Administration Modalities

Plantago Ovata Tea:

A decoction comprising Plantago ovata seeds, simmered in water, proffers a therapeutic libation to assuage gastrointestinal maladies. Consumption at a frequency not exceeding thrice daily, antecedent to meals, is advocated for a maximum duration of seven consecutive days.

Plantago Ovata Powder:

Alternatively, the seeds of Plantago ovata may be milled into a fine powder, procurable at health emporia, and incorporated into beverages, yogurt, or fruit salads for facile ingestion and therapeutic efficacy.

In culmination, while Plantago ovata presents a multifaceted panacea for assorted gastrointestinal maladies and metabolic derangements, prudence dictates its usage under professional guidance, with vigilant cognizance accorded to individual susceptibilities and contraindications.


What is Plantago ovata used for?

The utility of Plantago ovata encompasses a spectrum of applications. Its intricate pharmacological mechanisms position it as a valuable adjunctive therapy for inflammatory bowel conditions like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis during phases of dormancy. Through its pharmacodynamic efficacy, it assuages symptoms and forestalls relapses, thus accentuating its clinical significance.

Is Plantago ovata a wheat?

Formerly acknowledged as Plantago insularis, this drought-resistant annual exhibits a penchant for basking in the full brilliance of sunlight, though it also tolerates partial shading. Its unassuming white blossoms grace the arid plains and mesas from January through May, adding a touch of ephemeral beauty to these parched landscapes.

What are the side effects of Plantago?

Unfavorable responses. Plantago major, while generally regarded as benign, may incite certain unfavorable responses post-administration, including but not limited to: nausea, emesis, diarrheic episodes, anorectic tendencies, abdominal distension, heightened sensitivity, and dermal manifestations.

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Explore The Foods for Healthy Gums



Foods for healthy gums

Making the right choice of foods for healthy gums is crucial as healthy gums can promise healthy teeth.

By being mindful of the foods we consume and their impact on our gums, we can take proactive steps towards preventing gum disease and preserving the well-being of our teeth and gums for years to come.

Here, we’ve curated a list of some nutrient-rich foods that can help promote healthier gums and enhance your overall oral health.

Have you encountered the adage “you are what you eat”?

This commonplace phrase aptly characterizes an individual, encompassing their health status. The practice of consuming nourishing fare reflects one’s self-care ethos. Beyond impacting bodily organs’ well-being, adopting a wholesome diet holds significance in upholding dental health.

So, don’t just eat what tastes good. Try to eat a balanced diet that’s good for your teeth too, to avoid having dental problems later on. You can still enjoy your favorite foods while keeping your teeth healthy by sticking to good dental habits.

The Best Foods For Healthy Gums

Several essential nutrients, including calcium, fluoride, phosphorus, and vitamins A, C, and D, found in foods for healthy gums, play pivotal roles in fostering growth, development, and oral health.

Fulfilling teeth and oral nutritional requisites proves straightforward, involving the consumption of nutrient-dense foods in balanced proportions. Moreover, apart from nutritional composition, dental and oral health intricately intertwined with food and beverage palatability, consistency, and hue.

Fruits abundant in vitamin C and fiber:

 Diverse fruit varieties rich in vitamin C and fiber, such as guava, apples, kiwi, and oranges, exemplify teeth-nourishing victuals. Fiber content aids oral cavity cleansing upon mastication, thereby mitigating cavity-triggering food remnants.

Verdant greens:

 Discussion on teeth-friendly foods remains incomplete sans acknowledgment of verdant greens. A myriad of leafy vegetables, encompassing mustard greens, broccoli, kale, celery, lettuce, and spinach, serves as vitamin A fount for teeth. Analogous to fruits, chewing leafy greens facilitates oral cavity purification by eliminating food residue.

Milk and derivatives:

 All milk variants and their derivatives (cheese, yogurt, kefir) abound in vitamin D, pivotal for teeth fortification. Post-milk product consumption, thorough mouth rinsing or tooth brushing is imperative to preclude lingering food debris, averting malodor.

Diverse fish species:

 Surprisingly, fish emerges as a vitamin D reservoir conducive to dental health. Typically, unsaturated fats within fish entail vitamin D reservoirs. Hence, regular consumption of moderately fatty fish species, encompassing milkfish, tuna, mackerel, sardines, and salmon, proves advantageous.

Seeds and nuts:

 An assortment of seeds and nuts, spanning oats, jam, brown rice, walnuts, among others, constitutes nutrient-rich fare replete with magnesium. Adequate magnesium assimilation supports calcium absorption, perpetuating dental and oral health upkeep.

Green and black tea:

 Beyond palatability, green and black tea harbor fluoride content, fostering cavity amelioration and enamel reinforcement. Moreover, these tea variants serve as natural antibacterials, combating oral malodor and cavity-triggering bacteria. Nonetheless, consistent teeth brushing and tea consumption moderation are recommended to forestall tooth discoloration.


Staying hydrated is crucial for maintaining overall health, including gum health. Drinking plenty of water helps flush out food particles and bacteria from the mouth, preventing plaque buildup and promoting saliva production, which is essential for protecting the gums.

Incorporating these  nutrient-rich foods into your diet can help promote healthier gums and improve your overall oral health. Remember to maintain good oral hygiene practices, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and scheduling regular dental check-ups.

Understanding Gum Disease

Gum disease, medically known as periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection affecting the gums. It typically arises due to inadequate oral hygiene practices. When plaque and tartar accumulate on teeth, often due to irregular professional cleanings or insufficient brushing and flossing, the gums recede from the tooth surface, forming pockets where harmful bacteria thrive and infect the gum tissues.

If left untreated, gum disease can escalate, causing significant discomfort, severe gum recession, tooth loss, and even deterioration of the jawbone. Furthermore, gum disease has been linked to various serious systemic health issues, including respiratory infections, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, dementia, reproductive problems, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Prevention and Treatment Strategies for Gum Disease

To keep gum disease at bay, it’s best to focus on prevention. Once it gets worse and affects the gums badly, treating it becomes hard. So, the key is to maintain healthy gums by taking good care of your mouth. This means brushing your teeth twice every day for at least two minutes and flossing once a day, making sure to remove plaque and bacteria from your teeth and under your gums.

Also, supporting gum health involves eating a balanced diet with lots of vitamins and nutrients that fight inflammation and help your immune system protect against gum disease.

Avoiding Foods for Healthier Gums

To promote gum health, it’s advisable to steer clear of sugary foods and beverages as well as processed carbohydrates. Bacteria thrive on the sugars in these foods, exacerbating any infection. Moreover, such dietary choices increase the risk of tooth decay and cavities, exacerbating gum disease.

An array of edibles and beverages pose potential hazards to dental and oral health, such as:

  • Items exhibiting excessive strength, like ice cubes, crackers, and crab shells.
  • Sticky-textured comestibles, Exemplified by caramel, candy, and tapioca pudding.
  • Pigmented beverages, namely coffee, tea, and soda.

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